Header Ads

Computer, Network, Components History Timeline

This History Timeline has been developed to provide a "snapshot" of Computer, Networking events during this historical time period. Important dates in a fast, comprehensive, chronological, or date order providing an actual sequence of important past events which were of considerable significance to the famous people involved in this time period. We are also trying our best to include future events..

2400 BC Abacus: The abacus, the first known calculator, was invented in Babylonia 
500 BC Panini: Introduced the forerunner to modern formal language theory
300 BC Pingala: Pingala invented the binary number system
250-230 BC  The Sieve of Eratosthenes is used to determine prime numbers.
87 BC Antikythera Mechanism: Built in Rhodes to track movement of the stars
60 AD Heron of Alexandria: Heron of Alexandria invents machines which follow a series of instructions

724         Liang Ling-Can: Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
1492  Leonardo da Vinci: Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots

1614 John Napier: John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots

1622 William Oughtred: invents the circular slide rule on the basis of Napier’s logarithms
1623 Calculating Clock: William (Wilhelm) Schickard designs a “calculating clock” with a gear-driven carry mechanism to aid in multiplication of multidigit numbers.
1642 Blaise Pascal: Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
1666        In England,Samuel Morland produces a mechanical calculator that can add and subtract.
1671 Gottfried Leibniz: Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
1674        Gottfried Leibniz builds the “Stepped Reckoner,” a calculator using a stepped cylindrical gear.
1774        Philipp-Matthaus Hahn builds and sells a small number of calculating machines precise to 12 digits.
1777       The third Earl of Stanhope invents a multiplying calculator
1801 Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards

1820 Arithmometer: The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
1822 Charles Babbage: Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
1834 Analytical Engine: The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
1835 Morse code: Samuel Morse invents Morse code
1848 Boolean algebra: Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole

1853 Tabulating Machine: Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
1869 William Stanley Jevons: William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
1878 Ramon Verea: Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
1880 Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
1884 Comptometer: The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys

1890 Herman Hollerith: Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which  increment mechanical counters
1895 Guglielmo Marconi: Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
1896 Tabulating Machine Company:  Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
1898 Nikola Tesla: Remote control was invented by  Nikola Tesla
1906 Lee De Forest: Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
1911 IBM: IBM is formed on June 15, 1911

1923 Philo Farnsworth: Television Electronic was invented by  Philo Farnsworth
1924 John Logie Baird:  Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
Walther Bothe: Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
1930 Vannevar Bush: Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
1931 Kurt Godel:  Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
1937 Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine

1938 Konrad Zuse: Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
1939 George Stibitz: George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
Hewlett Packard:  William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry: John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the  ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype

  • Enigma:Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus 

1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University

  • ENIAC: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Computer Bug: The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper

1946 F.C. Williams: F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to  random-access memory (RAM)

  • Pilot ACE: Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley: William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • Douglas Engelbart: Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
1948 Andrew Donald Booth: Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
Frederic Calland Williams  & Tom Kilburn: Frederic Calland Williams  & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"

1949 Claude Shannon: Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
Howard Aiken: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III 

  • Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito. 
  • Alan Turing: Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.  

  • LEO:  T. Raymond Thompson and  John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co.
  • UNIVAC: UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced -  the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  • EDVAC: The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
1953 The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.

1954 John Backus & IBM: John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language

1955 Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.

1956 Optical fiber was invented by  Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

1957 Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
1958 ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce

1959 Paul Baran: Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines

1960 COBOL: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
1961 Unimate: General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.

1962 The first computer game:  The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
1963 The Computer Mouse: Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.


  • Word processor: IBM introduces the first word processor
  • BASIC:  John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)

1965 Hypertext:  Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"

1967 Floppy Disk: IBM creates the first floppy disk

  • Seymour Cray: Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • Gary Starkweather: Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
  • ARPANET:  The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
1970 RAM: Intel  introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.

  • E-mail: E-mail was invented by  Ray Tomlinson
  • Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ): Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by  James Fergason
  • Pocket calculator: Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • Floppy Disk: Floppy Disk was invented by  David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.

1972 First Video Game: Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
The CD:  The compact disc is invented in the United States.


  • Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs: Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Personal computer: The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • Gateways: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks

1974 SQL: IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
WYSIWYG:  Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed

1975 Portable computers: Altair produces the first portable computer
Microsoft Corporation: The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

1976 Apple: Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
1977 Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
MODEM: Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line

1978 Magnetic tape: The first magnetic tape is developed in the US

1979 Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.

1980 Paul Allen and Bill Gates: IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.

1981 Microsoft: MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success

1982 WordPerfect: WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
Commodore 64:  The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.

SMTP: SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced

1983 More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
Domain Name System (DNS): Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.

Windows: Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons

1984 Apple Macintosh: Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
Cyberspace: William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer

  • Paul Brainard: Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • Supercomputer speeds reach 1 billion operations per second with the release of the Cray 2 and Thinking Machines’ parallelprocessor Connection Machine

Nintendo: The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut.

1986 More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States.

  • Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works
  • Perl: Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0

1988 Over 45 million PCs are in use in the United States.

  • 1990 Scientists at Bell Labs demonstrate the first all-optical processor on January 29.
  • Hewlett-Packard and IBM both announce RISC-based computers.
  • Intel’s i486 and iPSC/860, and Motorola’s 68040 become available.
  • Tim Berners-Lee writes the initial prototype for the World Wide Web, which uses his other creations:URLs, HTML, and HTTP.
1991 The World Wide Web: The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991

  • Intel’s Pentium is introduced in March.
  • Students and staff at the University of Illinois’ National Center for Supercomputing Applications create a graphical user interface for Internet navigation called NCSA Mosaic
  • The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World ide Web
  • YAHOO: YAHOO is created in April, 1994.
  • In April, Jim Clark and Marc Andreesen found Netscape Communications (originally Mosaic Communications).
  • Leonard Adleman of the University of Southern California demonstrates that DNA can be used as a computing medium.
  • Netscape’s first browser becomes available in September and creates a rapidly growing body of Web surfers.
  • Amazon: Amazon.com is founded by Jeff Bezos
  • EBay: EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • Hotmail: Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia. 
  • Toy Story is the first full-length feature movie completely computer generated.
  • Windows 95 is launched on August 24 with great fanfare.
  • The Java programming language, unveiled in May, enables platformindependent application development. “Duke” is the first applet.

  • WebTV: WebTV is introduced
  • The Intel Pentium Pro is announced.
  • The IEEE Computer Society celebrates its 50th anniversary.
  • Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish
  • Microsoft acquires Hotmail
  • Google: Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page on September 7, 1998
  • PayPal is founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin 
2001 Xbox: Bill Gates introduces the Xbox on January 7th 2001.
2002 PayPal is acquired by eBay 
2005 September 12: eBay acquires Skype

2006 WikiLeaks: launched on 4 October 2006 by Julian Assange under the Sunshine Press organisation is an international, online, self-described not-for-profit organisation publishing submissions of private, secret, and classified media from anonymous news sources, news leaks, and whistle blowers

2007 Windows Vista is an operating system released in several variations by Microsoft. On January 30, 2007, it was released worldwide

2009  Windows 7 was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009,and reached general retail availability worldwide on October 22, 2009

2012 : Windows 8, the successor to Windows 7, is currently in development. Preview Version (6.2.8400.0) was Released on May 31, 2012. Microsoft posted a blog entry in Dutch on October 22, 2010 hinting that Windows 8 would be released in roughly two years. Expected in October 2012.

Source : ©  www.eresource.in, Image: 123rf.com

No comments

Powered by Blogger.